Publishing refers to the process of making information available to the public. Traditionally, this involved just printed works. However, with the advent of digital information systems and the internet, the scope of publishing has expanded to include audiobooks, electronic books, popularly referred to as ebooks, print on demand, accessible publishing and the likes. Publishing became possible with the invention of writing, and became more practical upon the introduction of printing. So, celebrate yourself as a writer, because if there were no writers, there'd be little or no use for publishing.
Though the process of publishing could be very tedious, it is the price to pay to make your work reach your desired audience. Remember, nothing good comes easy. First things first, for your submission to reach publication, it must be championed by an editor or publisher. For a book to be published, it must go through important stages including, editorial stage, design stage, sales and marketing stage, printing, binding and distribution.
There are different kinds of publishing, which would be highlighted in the following paragraphs:


1)Traditional Publishing: In this case, the author employs the services of a publishing house.
Pros:
-Literary Agents: They advertise and market your books in hopes of getting you a book deal. They negotiate book deals and subsidiary contracts, royalty rates and other business-related matters. They make sure you stay on top of deadlines and mentor you as you build your writing career.
-When you partner with a publishing house, your book is assigned to a team of professional editors, proofreaders, formatters, cover designers, marketers and so on that'll help bring your book to life.
-Cash Advances: When you sign a book deal, you are likely to receive a signing bonus called an advance. As long as you fulfil your contract requirement, you are guaranteed to earn this advance regardless of how well your book sells after it is published.
-The greater visibility and reach that traditional publishing provides can help writers grow their careers faster than self-published authors, giving them a far greater chance of becoming well known.
-You have more time to write: Self-published authors must coordinate everything involved in the publishing of their books which can lead to far less time spent on the actual act of writing. However, traditionally published authors don't have to worry about such because their publishing house has already assigned their book to a team of experts.
Cons:
-Lower royalty rates: You don't get to keep all of the royalties from your book sales. Your publishing house and agents would take their own cuts of the profit.
-Loss of creative control: Disagreements between authors and publishing house over the book's cover design, title, marketing angle and so on often occurs. And, publishing houses almost always have the final say.
-Complicated contracts: In most cases, an author's agent will fight on their behalf to negotiate the best contract for everyone involved. However, the author can still be on the losing side especially if the author doesn't understand their rights before going into the signing process.
-Long publishing process: All protocols must be duly observed for an author's book to finally arrive on shelves. This could last for over a year.
-A hard barrier to entry: Breaking into the publishing industry could be extremely difficult. Writers can face several rejections from both agents and publishing houses before their book makes it to print. And if their first book doesn't sell well, it can be even harder for an author to land subsequent book deals.

2)Electronic Self-publishing: As a writer, you can be your own publisher, particularly if you want to publish your ebook. Here are the advantages and disadvantages involved;
Pros:
-You publish what you want on your own schedule.
-You won't ever get turned down.
-You don't need to get permission before you publish.
-You have more artistic control.
-Success or failure is entirely up to you.
-No need for agents or middlemen.
-You keep a higher percentage of your sales.
Cons:
-It is a lot more hard work involved.
-You'll need to hire an editor and design a good book cover.
-You have nobody backing you: The marketing and advertising of your book are entirely up to you.
-You have to make your book stand out in quality and visibility among the several other awesome books in the market.
-Some people might have the impression that you self-published because you couldn't get published via the traditional way. However, the opinions of others should in no way deter you. What's most important is that you always put quality content out there. In other words, let your brand of excellence speak for itself.

3) Audiobook Publishing: This is what we do at Mixsiefunbooks. We produce the books of African authors in audio format. As an author, you can produce your own audiobooks. Here are the pros and cons:
Pros:
-Audiobooks are growing fast: The market for audiobooks is on the rise and self-publishing authors should take advantage of this market. People live increasingly busy lives, and it seems listening to books is way more achievable than actually reading.
-Audiobooks are easy to produce: Even if you feel you don't have the voice to record your books yourself, you can outsource the recording to professionals who will record them for a fee.
-It is an alternative way for authors to make more profits from sales in a market that is steadily on the increase. In other words, it is an alternative stream of income.
Cons:
-It is time-consuming
-You need a recording studio: It is highly important that you not only find a quiet place to record but that you also purchase a condenser microphone that will record a professional sounding narration. If you can't achieve this on your own, we've got you covered at an affordable fee.
-Technicalities: It can be frustrating and difficult recording and producing your audiobooks. Again, you can hire us to do this for you at an affordable price.
So, there you have it guys. These are the different kinds of publishing. They all give and take. You choose the one that works best for you and get to work. Most importantly, TAKE ACTION. Keep checking our website at www.mixsie.com for more insightful articles.

References: Al Barrera, Roger Colby, Kristen Kieffer, Wikipedia